Bauchi State is a state in northern Nigeria. Its capital is Bauchi. The state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996. The state derived its name from Bauchi town. Unlike other towns named after locations, it was named after a hunter, Baushe. Baushe was the first settler in Bauchi before the arrival of Mallam Yakubu the first Bauchi ruler.
What is now known as Bauchi was until 1976 a province in the then northeastern state of Nigeria. According to the 1991 census, the state has a population of 3,836,333 after the creation of Gombe state out of it in 1996.
Bauchi State has gone through tremendous transformation over the years. During the colonial era up to independence, it formed part of the Bauchi-Plateau of the then Northern Region, until the 1967 state creation exercise, when together white Borno and Adamawa provinces, they constituted the former North Eastern State.
With the creation of Bauchi State in 1976, then comprising present Bauchi and Gombe states there where 16 Local Government Areas. The number of local government areas in the then Bauchi state was increased to 20 and later to 23. However, in 1997 when Gombe state was created out of it and additional local governments were created in the country, Bauchi State was left with 20 Local Government Areas. These include: Alkaleri, Bauchi, Bogoro, Dambam, Darazo, Dass, Gamawa, Ganjuwa, Giade, Itas/Gadau, Jama’are, Katagum, Kirfi, Misau, Ningi, Shira, Tafawa Balewa, Toro, Warji and Zaki.
Bauchi State has a total of 55 tribal groups in which Hausa, Fulani, Gerawa, Sayawa, Jarawa, Bolewa, Kare-Kare, Kanuri, Fa,awa, Butawa, Warjawa, Zulawa, and Badawa are the main tribes. This means that they have backgrounds, occupational patterns, beliefs and many other things that form part of the existence of the people of the state.
There are cultural similarities in the people’s language, occupational practices, festivals, dress and there is a high degree of ethnic interaction especially in marriage and economic existence. Some of the ethnic groups have joking relationships that exist between them e.g. Fulani and Kanuri, Jarawa and Sayawa, e.t.c.
Bauchi State is divided into 20 Local Government Areas (LGA's). They are:
* Alkaleri * Bauchi * Bogoro * Dambam * Darazo * Dass * Gamawa * Ganjuma * Giyade * Itas/Gadau * Jama'are * Katagum * Kirfi * Misau * Ningi * Shira * Tafawa Balewa Local Government Area * Toro * Warji * Zaki