Hausa

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The predominant language of Northern Nigeria and its surroundings.



culture

Naming

Islam is a major influence on various cultural practices in Hausaland.

In traditional Hausa/Fulani culture, as soon as a wife is pregnant and then gives birth, preparations of boiling water and firewood used for cooking commences for the daily bath of the wife. A week after delivery, a ram or sheep is slaughtered and kolanuts and other food stuff are arranged. On the third day after delivery, a food called Kauri is prepared and distributed to relatives and friends signaling the birth of the child. On the sixth day after delivery, notices is sent to well wishers to come to the host's house for naming the next day. On the naming ceremony date, the men stay in the front of the house and the women stay inside. The Imam, who is usually the first to be invited often times shows up the latest. Upon his arrival, the child's name is given to him by the father of the child and the Imam offers prayers and the name of the child is publicly announced.

Engagement and marriage

The engagement and marriage ceremony in Northern Nigeria is both a blend of Islamic ritual and traditional practices. For Muslims, marriage is a requirement in order to have sexual relationships and reproduce. It is also highly celebrated according to the means of the hosts. The marriage ceremony usually last a week ending on a Sunday. However, preparations begin when the marriage proposal reaches the bride's parents. As soon as the bride's parents accept the marriage proposal, a number of beauty and household products called Kayan Zance such as beauty cream, scents, shoes and blouses is purchased by the grooms side and taken to the bride's house. Thereafter, a group of men also are then sent to the bride's house with money termed Kudin Gaisuwa and after the delivery, a date is set for the engagement. In the engagement ceremony, the reception is held at the representative's of the bride and the husband to be is asked to bring some kolanuts and sweets for the event. The event usually takes place in the evening.

Prior to the marriage ceremony some customs are observed This includes, Kamun Ango which takes place on a Thursday and Zaman Ajo which takes place on a Friday.

Religious festivals

The three major Islamic festivals celebrated in Hausaland are:

  • Id-El-Kabir
  • Id-El-Fitr
  • Id-El-maulud