The state is the successor to the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at Kaduna. In 1967 this was split up into six states, one of which was the North-Central State, whose name was changed to Kaduna State in 1976. This was further divided in 1987, losing the area now part of Katsina State.
Kaduna State is comprised of 23 Local Government Areas.
Geographically, the state lies close to the center of Northern Nigeria. It is bordered by the Federal Capital Territory to the south, Katsina, Kano, and Sokoto to the North, Plateau State to the east and Niger State to the west. It has a land area of about 45, 567 square meters made up of undulating plateau and hills. The Gongola, Kaduna, Kogom, Guarara, and Wonderful rivers are some major rivers in the state. The Kaduna river flowing from east to west through the state, drains an area of about 65,000 square kilometers and is characterized by its steep slopes, fast floods and severe lows. The Gongola like the Kaduna river is also a major river in the Jos Plateau and a tributary of the Niger river.
The state undergoes two major seasons, dry season from November to March and the wet season from April to October. The vegetation of the state is tropical grassland in Southern Kaduna while much of the rest falls within the guinea savanna.
Though the state is further from the Nigerian main forest regions, it has a forest reserve, the Kagoro-Nindam reserve where one can find various forest birds
Important towns and cities
The major locations in the states includes, Kaduna, Nok, Zaria, Makarfi, Kachia, Birnin Gwari and Jema'a. The Nigerian railway has tracks eastward and Westward, the former linking with Port Harcourt and the latter linking the city with Lagos
Kaduna is a cosmopolitan state but the most widely spoken language in the state is Hausa and English. The major ethnic groups in the state are the Fulanis, Hausas, Kajes, Kadaras, Jabas, Kagoros, Gbagis and Katafs. The state also has many groups of people living in the Southern grassland of the state including the Azuras, Amons, Binawas and a few others some of whom are closely associated with some ethnic groups in Plateau State.
Agriculture constitutes the largest occupation of the people with many citizens participating in small scale farming. The state is a major region of animal husbandry. Major food and cash crops produced in the state includes, cotton, groundnut, guinea corn, millet, ginger, tobacco, beans, ya,, cassava, rice, sugar cane and maize. During the 1990s, the state government introduced a division of three agricultural development zones: Maigama, Samaru and Birnin Gwari. The zones produce were to serve as raw materials for further food processing and production.
The city of Kaduna is a major commercial center in Northern Nigeria and largely due to its commercial importance, it is the site of location of many banks who have branches in the city. Also, within the state are various industries such as the Ideal Flour mills, a Federal Superphosphate Fertilizer Company, Electric Meter Company, Kaduna Refinery, Peugeot Atumobile, Defense Industries, Berger Paints and the Northern Nigerian Publishing Company.
Arts, Tourism and culture
Various tourist centers are located in the state including the Kufena Rocks, National Museum, Kaduna, Kagoro Hills, Kamaku Game Reserve, Matsirga Water Falls and Nok. The state also hosts some major festivals such as Durbar in Zaria, Afau festival in Kagoro, Tuk Hau celebrations and new crops festival in Niu Zam. The city of Kaduna is a relatively young Northern Nigeria city and the influence of Lord Lugard, Nigeria's first governor-general is found in the colonial administrative buildings on independence way.
The large Ahmadu Bello University located in Zaria provides tertiary education to many Nigerian citizens while a federal polytechnic complements the university.
The Nigerian Defense Academy is located in the state.
- Kaduna North
- Kaduna South