OAU Faculty of Science
The Faculty of Science at Obafemi Awolowo University was established in 1962.
The faculty's staff has conducted major research works on the geological survey of Abuja, raw materials for glass, cement and a few other manufactured products, the effects of effluents discharges on water quality in the Niger Delta, sewage and natural occurring products.
Like the university, the faculty at inception was originally located in Ibadan while the permanent site was unequipped and undergoing construction. Among those who helped with the foundation of the faculty was an environmentalist, Nicholas Polunin. During the time, the faculty awarded degrees in five basic sciences which formed the core departments: Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology and Mathematics. In 1967, some departments started moving to the permanent location at Ife while others followed in 1970.
In 1966, the faculty added the department of Geology and also increased the strength of courses offered in the chemistry and physics department. In the physics department, electronics courses were strengthened later paving the way for the establishment of a department of Electronics in the Faculty of Technology, the department later made options for specializations in nuclear engineering science and engineering physics. A new development took place in 1969 with the emergence of a department of Biological Sciences after the merger of the Botany and Zoology units, the new unit focused on five major interdisciplinary subjects: Botany, Zoology, Microbiology, Biochemistry and Genetics. The first four specializations within the department later became separate units after calls for departmentalization among the academic staff of the science faculty. Even though, a unified course program in Biology provided a comprehensive biological science education for the students and also avoided waste and duplication in facilities many academic staff feared political marginalization.
Affiliated research centers
In its history, the faculty was involved in the foundation and developemnt of four centers of research and teaching aid.
- National History Museum which was donated to the college but later became independent
- Biological and Zoological Gardens
- Institute of Ecology
Apart from the above centers, the faculty has carried out various significant research efforts in relation to the interest of the country. The botany unit has been involved in studying Nigerian plants, desertification, stress and growth metabolism in plants and taxonomic and anatomic studies of plants. The geology department and physics department has also carried out various investigations on local raw materials and use.
The faculty participated in a global virtual laboratory resulting with the establishment of a Central Science Laboratory.