R.A.B. Dikko (1912-1977) was a Nigerian medical doctor who was the first trained physician top emerge out of Northern Nigeria. He was also a founding member of the cultural society, Jam'iyyar Mutanen Arewa, the organization that later became the Northern Peoples Congress.
Dikko was born in Zaria and attended the C.M.S. School at Wusasa from 1922-1929, he then left Wusasa for King's College and the University of Birmingham, reading medicine at the latter. After completing his medical studies abroad, he returned to the country and joined the civil service as a Junior Medical Officer. In the civil service, he rose from his early position to become permanent secretary in the Northern Nigeria Ministry of Health and during the Gowon regime, he was appointed as the Federal Commissioner for Mines and Power in 1967 and that of Transport in 1971.