Richard Adeboye Olaniyan is a Nigerian historian who was a former dean of the OAU Faculty of Arts at Ile-Ife. He has authored and edited a few books on history including: 'Ife: The Holy City of the Yoruba, 'Africa in History and Culture', and 'Nigerian History and Culture'. The last two books written for a wider audience and history students. In 2003, he also edited another book titled 'The Amalgamation and its Enemies:An Interpretive History of Modern Nigeria with a depressing tone on the Nigerian state.
Olaniyan was born in Osogbo and attended Regis College, Denver and Georgetown University, Washington DC. He joined the academic staff of OAU, Ife In 1970 and became a professor in 1983. Since 1980, he has been an associate member of the Smithsonian Institute.
In 2002, he was in the running for the University of Lagos vice chancellorship where he was unsuccessful, in 1999, he was also in an unsuccessful run for the Vice Chancellor of the Obafemi Awolowo University.
- Nigerian History and Culture. Editor. ISBN 0582644321
- African History and Culture. ISBN 0582643694