Osun State is an inland state in southwestern Nigeria. Its capital is Osogbo. Osun State is home to several of Nigeria's most famous landmarks, including the campus of Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria's pre-eminent institution of higher learning. The university is also located in the ancient town of Ile-Ifẹ, an important early center of political and religious development for Yoruba culture. Other important cities and towns include the ancient kingdom-capitals of Oke-Ila, Orangun, Ila Orangun, Ede, and Ilesa.
The modern Osun State was created in 1991 from part of the old Oyo State.The state's name is derived from the River Osun, a deified natural spring where annual traditional festivities are held.
Oyinlola recently launched and laid the foundation for the grounbreaking of Osun State University with six campuses (Osogbo, Okuku, Ikire, Ejigbo, Ifetedo, and Ipetu-Ijesha) strategically located across the state.
Osun-Osogbo Grove, the shrine of the annual rites of the deity and an important artistic center, was declared a World Heritage Site in 2005.
Osun State is divided into three federal senatorial districts, each of which is composed of two administrative zones. The state consists of thirty Local Government Areas, the primary (third tier) unit of government in Nigeria.
Osun State's 30 Local Government Areas are listed below with their headquarters in parentheses:
* Atakunmosa East (Iperindo) * Atakunmosa West (Osu) * Ayedaade (Gbongan) * Ayedire (Ile Ogbo) * Boluwaduro (Otan-Ayegbaju) * Boripe (Iragbiji) * Ede North (Oja Timi) * Ede South (Ede) * Egbedore (Awo) * Ejigbo (Ejigbo)
* Ife Central (Ile-Ife) * Ife East (Oke-Ogbo) * Ife North (Ipetumodu) * Ife South (Ifetedo) * Ifedayo (Oke-Ila Orangun) * Ifelodun (Ikirun) * Ila (Ila Orangun) * Ilesa East (Iyemogun) * Ilesa West (Ereja Square) * Irepodun (Ilobu)
* Irewole (Ikire) * Isokan (Apomu) * Iwo (Iwo) * Obokun (Ibokun) * Odo Otin (Okuku) * Ola Oluwa (Bode Osi) * Olorunda (Igbonna, Osogbo) * Oriade (Ijebu-Jesa) * Orolu (Ifon-Osun) * Osogbo (Osogbo)